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RIYADH: Saudi Arabia goals to be on the forefront of environmental safety by means of initiatives geared toward restoring and sustaining the ecological stability, which promotes harmonious and flourishing ecosystems.

Local weather motion, clear power, and preserving habitats are simply a number of the 17 Sustainable Improvement Targets integrated into Saudi Arabia’s 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Improvement.

The SDGs function a blueprint for attaining a balanced ecosystem for wildlife, water, and the setting within the Kingdom.

With out stability, ecosystems face main challenges from international warming, water shortages, and the lack of biodiversity.

Carlos Duarte, a distinguished professor of marine science on the King Abdullah College of Science and Know-how and Tarek Ahmed Juffali Analysis Chair in Purple Sea Ecology, has spent 40 years researching ocean ecosystems.



“Lack of biodiversity reduces the capability of ecosystems to keep up their features beneath stress, corresponding to beneath local weather change,” Duarte instructed Arab Information. “It immediately impacts meals safety, but additionally by undermining pollination, the nursery position of many ecosystems for fisheries, and pest and illness management.

“It additionally represents the lack of pure merchandise and genes of potential curiosity in pharma, beauty, meals, power, and setting functions earlier than we have now even found them.

“These are the foremost penalties of biodiversity loss, local weather change and the affect of widespread air pollution on our societies, economies, and well-being. The rising idea is considered one of ‘one well being,’ which acknowledges that our well being and that of our ecosystems are intimately linked, in order that there are not any wholesome individuals on a sick planet.”

Nationwide Heart for Wildlife

Established in 1986, the Nationwide Heart for Wildlife is liable for defending and preserving crops and animals in Saudi Arabia.

The middle is main the initiative to increase the Kingdom’s protected land and sea space to 30 p.c, to assist rehabilitate ecosystems and enrich biodiversity.




The superb for unauthorized looking in Saudi Arabia quantities to SR10,000 ($2,666) whereas fines for harming dwelling animals vary from SR1,500 to SR200,000.


Fines for violators of logging laws begin at SR1,000 and may attain SR20 million. Penalties may be doubled for repeat violations.


The Nationwide Heart for Wildlife prohibits the looking of all kinds of animals or birds throughout the borders of cities, villages, facilities, farms, and relaxation homes, inside numerous proximities to populated areas, in addition to navy and industrial facilities, numerous establishments, and inside protected areas and main tasks. It additionally prohibits looking alongside the Saudi coast at an inland restrict of 20 km.


The NCW introduced an infographic stating article 4 of the Govt Rules for Wildlife Searching, which prohibits looking predators such because the Arabian leopard, hyenas, wolves, jackals, lynxes, sand cats, widespread genets, and honey badgers.


Searching endemic birds within the Kingdom can be prohibited, along with ungulates, together with the Arabian oryx, the sandy-colored goitered antelope, the mountain gazelle (whether or not present in mountains or on the Farasan Islands), and the Nubian ibex.

It is usually concerned in 10 breeding applications to assist the reintroduction and propagation of endangered species together with the Arabian oryx, sand gazelle, mountain ibex, bustards, and ostriches, in addition to predators, such because the Arabian wolf, striped hyena, lynx, and cheetah.

The NCW lately collaborated with the Saudi Konoz Initiative, beneath Saudi Arabia’s Ministry of Media’s Heart for Authorities Communication, on “Horizon,” a Netflix documentary showcasing the Kingdom’s numerous wildlife.

Saudi Inexperienced Initiative

Inaugurated in 2021, the Saudi Inexperienced Initiative options 81 tasks designed to chop carbon emissions by 278 million tonnes per yr, plant 10 million timber throughout the nation, and safeguard habitats.


The SGI makes use of the round carbon economic system, a framework targeted on managing emissions. Saudi Arabia has carried out greater than 30 CCE initiatives throughout the power system to this point.

One of many SGI’s focus areas is “whole-of-society motion,” which inspires the private and non-private sectors to work collectively and allows residents to take part.

Purple Sea World


The Purple Sea is dwelling to the world’s fourth-biggest barrier reef, the place marine life and coral thrive.

Established in 2018, Purple Sea World goals to remodel the Kingdom’s west coast right into a world-class tourism and hospitality vacation spot.

Rendering of a Purple Sea World challenge off Umluj and Al-Wajh in Tabuk province. (Provided)

Situated between Umluj and Al-Wajh, the challenge covers an space of 28,000 sq. kilometers.

Omar Al-Attas, head of environmental safety and regeneration at Purple Sea World, instructed Arab Information the agency goals to guard ecosystems through the use of one hundred pc renewable power and selling “regenerative tourism.”

“One of many strategic objectives that we are attempting to appreciate is attaining 30 p.c internet conservation profit by 2040 by enhancing biologically numerous habitats together with mangroves, seagrass, corals, and land vegetation,” he stated.

The RSG is at the moment engaged on seven SGI tasks, which embrace establishing the most important marine-protected space within the area. It additionally goals to restrict improvement and customer footfall to guard the setting

Launched in 2017, NEOM’s Oxagon challenge in Tabuk encompasses a floating industrial advanced, international commerce hub, vacationer resorts and a linear metropolis powered by renewable power sources. (Provided)

“We made the choice to develop solely 22 of the greater than 90 islands,” Attas stated. “We restricted our improvement to accommodate not more than 1 million guests a yr on the Purple Sea and 500,000 at AMAALA,” two of RSG’s luxurious tasks.

Nevertheless, Attas believes society as a complete has a task to play in environmental safety.

“People may also help promote a balanced ecosystem by decreasing waste, conserving water and power, planting native species, utilizing sustainable transportation, supporting native and sustainable meals, minimizing chemical use, defending pure habitats, educating others about environmental points, and supporting conservation organizations,” he stated.

Society as a complete has a task to play in environmental safety, says Omar Al-Attas, head of environmental safety and regeneration at Purple Sea World. (Provided)

NEOM Inexperienced Hydrogen Firm

The world’s largest inexperienced hydrogen plant at NEOM’s Oxagon is predicted to be totally operational by 2026, producing as much as 600 tonnes of inexperienced hydrogen per day.

Inexperienced hydrogen is made by means of a means of electrolysis utilizing solely renewable power sources, which makes it carbon free to provide. When hydrogen undergoes combustion, it produces nothing however water vapor, so it’s also carbon free to make use of.

The Kingdom goals to be the world’s largest hydrogen power producer and exporter, producing as much as 4 million tons of fresh hydrogen per yr.

Illustration exhibiting the Oxagon’s inexperienced hydrogen challenge. (X: @NGHC_)

Duarte says these tasks are elevating neighborhood consciousness concerning the significance of sustainable dwelling.

“We are able to solely promote a balanced ecosystem if we’re conscious of the broader penalties of our decisions and habits,” he stated. “Our decisions of power supply and supply programs for transport or illumination, our respect for water — important for a Bedouin tradition the place the respect for scarce water assets was of absolute significance — and the accountable era and disposal of waste are all key components of our footprint on the setting.

“Imaginative and prescient 2030 has not solely caused a dedication with sustainable improvement that’s much more honest and pervasive than I’ve seen in every other nation; it has additionally reconnected Saudi society with a heritage of sustainability and dedication as custodians of biodiversity and ecosystem that’s mirrored in tasks across the Kingdom, from the Purple Sea Challenge to AlUla and Diriyah Gate.”