Historic Jeddah Program unveils hidden gems of Al-Balad

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JEDDAH: The Historic Jeddah Program, in collaboration with the Heritage Fee, has made a groundbreaking announcement in regards to the discovery of about 25,000 remnants of artifacts at 4 historic websites.

The artifacts, relationship again to the primary and second centuries of the Hijri calendar, make clear the wealthy historical past of Jeddah and its significance within the broader context of commerce, structure, and cultural trade.

This announcement comes as a part of the archaeological undertaking overseen by the Historic Jeddah Program, which incorporates websites such because the Uthman bin Affan Mosque, the Al-Shuna web site, components of the jap trench, and the northern wall.

The Uthman bin Affan Mosque, which is taken into account one of many oldest in Jeddah, has unveiled artifacts relationship again to the ninth to tenth centuries.

Otto Bagi, senior undertaking supervisor on the mosque, defined that the location’s significance was affirmed by the misalignment with the Kaaba and the invention of an octagonal pillar relationship again to the nineteenth century. These findings strengthen the idea within the mosque’s significance.


The Historic Jeddah Program, in collaboration with the Heritage Fee, ensures that archaeological sources are documented, registered, and preserved. (SPA)

Bagi advised Arab Information in regards to the secrets and techniques behind the Uthman bin Affan Mosque.

He stated: “Why will we assert that this mosque could certainly be one of many oldest, if not the oldest, in existence? In accordance with native custom, it’s thought of one of many oldest, if not the oldest.

“We started our work right here three years in the past, and now we have some indications that this native custom may truly be true. There’s archaeological proof supporting the declare that this mosque dates again to the ninth to tenth centuries in the intervening time.


The Historic Jeddah Program, in collaboration with the Heritage Fee, ensures that archaeological sources are documented, registered, and preserved. (SPA)

“Past the preliminary purpose I discussed, which is the misalignment of the mosque with the Kaaba, there’s one other vital issue to contemplate. A pillar was found within the central layer relationship again to the nineteenth century throughout excavation. As we delved deeper, reaching the foundational layers, we unearthed a peculiar discovery — the pillar’s base was not spherical however octagonal in form. Additional excavation revealed the octagonal base of the pillar, situated roughly three to 4 meters under the floor. This proof, coupled with extra findings, solidifies our perception within the historic significance of the mosque.”

Dania Baeisa, senior undertaking engineer, advised Arab Information: “The discoveries that we discovered right here within the Al-Shuna web site had been fragments of artifacts that inform a narrative about this web site and the way it was a middle of worldwide commerce. The realm of Al-Shuna is roughly 5,000 sq. meters.”

The announcement is available in mild of the undertaking’s efforts to revive Historic Jeddah, launched by Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman, which goals to protect nationwide monuments, spotlight traditionally vital websites, improve the historic significance of Jeddah as a cultural heart, and obtain the objectives of Saudi Imaginative and prescient 2030 in preserving archaeological websites.


Dr. Laurence Hapiot, director of the archaeology division of the Historic Jeddah Program. (AN photograph by Hashim Nadeem)

The Al-Shuna web site, with a historical past reaching again to the thirteenth century, gives a novel glimpse into Jeddah’s previous.

Dr. Laurence Hapiot, director of the archaeology division on the Historic Jeddah Program, spoke of the preservation of historic stays amid the fashionable metropolis. She stated the location, with 4 meters of elevation, had revealed pottery, animal bones, shells, and even cannonballs, reflecting its various historic capabilities.

Relating to Al-Shuna, Hapiot advised Arab Information: “What you see right here is the again of the tower and one entrance that we revealed by eradicating some trendy concrete retailers that had been right here. It’s wonderful as a result of regardless of the colourful life in Jeddah and centuries of improvement, this space was preserved, with trendy retailers constructed throughout, preserving these historic historic stays. So, this can be a very vital web site, displaying 4 meters of elevation within the coronary heart of a metropolis that’s so lively.”


The Historic Jeddah Program, in collaboration with the Heritage Fee, ensures that archaeological sources are documented, registered, and preserved. (SPA)

Hapiot added: “On this web site we found lots of supplies, primarily pottery chairs, but in addition some animal bones, shells, fragments of steel or glass, and numerous small finds. Curiously, we additionally discovered cannonballs manufactured from steel and one manufactured from stone.

“It’s exceptionally uncommon to discover a constructing web site with elevations within the coronary heart of the town.”

The survey and excavation work, which was initiated in November 2020, has led to the invention of over 11,000 ceramic artifacts, animal bone artifacts, shell supplies, development supplies, and glass and steel artifacts. The overall findings, weighing 531 kg, make a big contribution to nationwide archaeological discoveries.


Otto Bagi, senior undertaking supervisor of Uthman bin Affan Mosque. (AN photograph by Hashim Nadeem)

Research on the Uthman bin Affan Mosque revealed artifacts relationship again to the primary and second centuries of the Hijri calendar. The archaeological research of ebony items spotlight commerce connections extending to Jeddah, together with supplies from Sri Lanka and porcelain from Jiangxi Province, China.

The Al-Shuna archaeological web site traces its architectural stays again to at the very least the thirteenth century, with proof relationship again to the tenth century. Pottery supplies from Europe, Japan, and China had been found, offering insights into the commerce connections of Jeddah through the thirteenth and 14th centuries.

Historic cemeteries in Jeddah have revealed tombstones manufactured from limestone, granite, and marble, with inscriptions relationship again to the second and third centuries of the Hijri calendar. These inscriptions, which embrace names, Qur’anic expressions, and verses, are at present present process additional research for correct classification.


The Historic Jeddah Program, in collaboration with the Heritage Fee, ensures that archaeological sources are documented, registered, and preserved. (SPA)

Throughout excavation works on the Al-Kidwa web site (Bab Makkah), components of the jap trench had been revealed, which doubtless dates again to the late twelfth century of the Hijri calendar (late 18th century).

The archaeological research of the 4 historic websites included excavations, evaluation of radioactive carbon samples, soil evaluation and geophysical and scientific research of the found supplies. Greater than 250 wood samples from 52 archaeological buildings had been transported to specialised worldwide laboratories for identification and age willpower.

They will even endure additional analysis in worldwide archives which have collected greater than 984 historic paperwork about Jeddah, together with maps and drawings of historic Jeddah partitions, Al-Shouna and different archaeological websites in Jeddah, which had been scientifically reviewed and studied.

The Historic Jeddah Program, in collaboration with the Heritage Fee, ensures the documentation, registration, and preservation of archaeological supplies. The Nationwide Antiquities Register and a scientific database safeguard these historic treasures, with paperwork and images archived by specialised Saudi groups.