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RIYADH: Conservation consultants from Saudi Arabia’s Royal Fee for AlUla have this 12 months succeeded in breeding seven Arabian leopard cubs in captivity within the hope of accelerating the inhabitants of the critically endangered species within the wild.

There are considered as few as 120 Arabian leopards left within the wild, with roughly 20 of them in Saudi Arabia, confined primarily to the remoted southwestern mountains of Asir and the Hijaz, making conservation efforts much more pressing.

“The captive inhabitants on the RCU facility is 27 wholesome animals,” Stephen Browne, the fee’s vice chairman of wildlife and pure heritage, who works intently with the conservation program, instructed Arab Information.

Breeding applications such because the RCU’s are thought-about important to boosting the variety of Arabian leopards within the wild, which have been declining due to human encroachment on susceptible habitats and the poaching of their pure prey.

Browne stated: “The final estimate had 200 animals (within the wild) a couple of years in the past, so that they have gone down very dramatically, in a short time, to barely a couple of animals.

“In lots of the areas the place they previously occurred, just like the UAE and Egypt, they’re now extinct, and they’re solely present in only a few remoted areas in western and southwest Saudi Arabia, Yemen, the very excessive rugged mountains of Yemen, and Oman.”

When conservationists are assured the animals may have an excellent probability of survival, they intend to launch the RCU breeding program’s captive inhabitants into the wild. This may rely largely on altering human behaviors.

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On the potential threats to Arabian leopards within the wild, Browne added: “There’s a complete mixture of things, from looking as retaliation for the lack of livestock to trophy looking or catching them for the unlawful wildlife commerce.”

Hany Tatwany, a Saudi setting marketing consultant, who beforehand labored on the Nationwide Middle for Wildlife and later as president of the RCU’s International Fund for the Arabian Leopard, famous that looking was solely one of many risks the animals confronted within the wild.

He stated: “There are a number of causes, however most of them are associated to human conduct, reminiscent of overhunting the prey that the leopard eats or destroying the setting when it comes to agriculture, city enlargement, and street development.

“There may be additionally the concentrating on of leopards to guard livestock, or, sadly, the leopards are hunted as a manner of exhibiting off.”

Leopards originated in Africa earlier than spreading to the Arabian Peninsula and throughout Asia. By adapting to completely different climates, terrains, and altitudes, they developed into distinct subgroups that turned higher suited to their respective habitats.

Browne identified that the Arabian leopard, as an example, had tailored properly to deal with the new, dry local weather of the Center East.

The elusive huge cats are additionally properly suited to rugged terrains and have been discovered at elevations starting from sea degree to greater than 2,000 meters, making them extremely adaptable and in a position to survive in arid and semi-arid environments.


Saudi Arabia and the UAE have applications to breed and defend Arabian leopards. The Kingdom’s captive breeding middle is in AlUla and is managed by the RCU.

After 13 weeks of being pregnant, leopards give beginning to a litter of between two and 4 cubs, usually in caves. Cubs are usually born with closed eyes, which open after every week to 9 days.

Human exercise has depleted leopards’ bigger pure prey reminiscent of gazelle, forcing the large cats to change their eating regimen to smaller animals and livestock, together with goats and sheep.

Whereas releasing a predator into the wild could appear counterintuitive to defending wildlife, Tatwany stated that each organism, wherever it featured within the meals chain, served a significant function in a balanced ecosystem.

“Predators come on the high of the pyramid. The well being of the ecosystem can be evaluated via predators, as a result of with the disappearance of predators, imbalance happens and plenty of issues change, both with the rise of fungi, for instance, or the expansion of different various species that result in environmental imbalance,” he added.

Past their significance as a part of a wholesome and balanced ecosystem, the distinctive creatures additionally maintain immense cultural significance. Browne stated that saving them from extinction was a key check of humanity’s stewardship of the pure world.

“It has been talked about in tales, poems, and artistic endeavors for 1000’s of years. If people are dropping an iconic species just like the leopard or aren’t working towards defending it, then why ought to they fear about mice, slugs, or scorpions?

“If individuals didn’t fear about leopards, if they’re ready to lose them, then they’re ready to lose the ecosystem,” Browne added.